All about The Yellow Revolution
as we already know how the green revolution has impacted plantations in the country.
so today we will learn another revolution that’s the yellow revolution
so let’s begin
What is the Yellow Revolution?
The question that must be in your mind is ” What is a yellow revolution “? father of the yellow revolution? and what are the Advantages of the yellow revolution?
- The yellow revolution was launched in 1986-1987.
- The yellow revolution is related to increase the production of edible oil, especially mustard and sesame seeds to achieve self-reliance are known as the yellow revolution.
- Sam Pitroda is known as the Father of the Yellow Revolution.
The following 9 types of seeds come to us under oilseeds –
sesame, sunflower, niger, linseed, and castor. groundnut, mustard, soybean, safflower
As a sequel to the Green Revolution i.e. the second phase of the Green Revolution, development was planned, under which a new strategy was adopted to increase the production of oilseeds.
yellow revolution is the strategy of research and development in the field of production of edible oils and oilseed crops were named as the Yellow Revolution.
From the data we come to know that: The annual availability of per capita fat and oil in Indian food is only 6 kg, while the world availability is 18 kg on average.
It is cultivated in about 10% of the total agricultural production area in India. About 10 percent of the total agricultural production of the country comes from oilseed crops.
By the sixties, India was self-sufficient in oilseed production. But with a growing population due to the low percentage of irrigated area and uncertainty of the weather, the per capita availability of oils in the country has come down, whereas the climate of India is the most suitable for oilseed production.
Due to low oilseeds production
1. Reduced area of oilseed crops in total agricultural land.
2. Use of domestic seeds due to which adverse effect on oil quality.
3. Negligible use of food and fertilizers.
4. Crop protection and scientific methods not to be used.
5. To give priority to pulses production in mixed crop farming.
|what is Yellow Revolution?||Yellow revolution is related to increase the production of edible oil, especially mustard and sesame|
|who is Father of Yellow Revolution in India?||Sam Pitroda is known as the Father of the Yellow Revolution.|
|yellow revolution is associated with||yellow revolution is associated with an increase in the production of edible oil, especially mustard and sesame seeds to achieve self-reliance in agriculture|
|yellow revolution in india year||yellow revolution was launched in 1986- 1987
Government efforts to increase oilseed production
1. Placement of Technology Mission on ‘Oilseeds’ – In 1987-88, the Government of India launched a Technology Mission, which, with the help of cooperatives, agricultural research, and loan-granting institutions, Every effort has been made to increase production. Technology Mission, along with development in production techniques, also tried to improve post-production processes like seed processing, processing etc.
2. Increase in Minimum Support Price – In order to make the oilseed product attractive, the government has also increased the minimum support price substantially. In 1989, the Agricultural Costs and Prices Commission drastically increased the recovery prices of oilseeds.
3. Improved variety of seeds – The government has tried to increase the oilseed productivity of the country by providing improved varieties of seeds to the farmers.
4. Storage and distribution facilities
5. Establishment of National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Association Limited (NAFED).
6. Establishment of National Oilseeds and Botanical Development Board (NOBOD).
Thus, after the coordinated efforts adopted in this field, India has not only become self-sufficient in oilseed production
but has also started exporting oilseed products.
from the resource ” The total production of oilseeds in 1987 AD was 1.27 crores which increased to 25 million tonnes in 1998-99. Groundnut contributes the most to this production of oilseeds, which is about 35 percent of the total production”
In addition to groundnut, the government has established soybean and sunflower crops as a major attractive oilseed production among the farmers. It is known that ‘Madhya Pradesh’ is the largest producer of soybean in India. Hence it is also known as ‘Soya-Pradesh.
Rajasthan ranks first in India in the combined production of all oilseeds, hence it is also called the ‘Golden State’. Apart from this, it is also successfully cultivated in Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Bihar, etc.
National Agriculture Policy
The new National Agricultural Policy was announced by the Central Government on 28 July 2000. If we want to face the challenges in the 21st century efficiently, then the development program of the agriculture sector will have to be given maximum attention. Therefore, the announcement of the new National Agricultural Policy is the appropriate decision taken at the right time.
Objectives of new national agricultural policy
5 objectives behind the announcement of the new National Agricultural Policy –
1. To explore and exploit the vast untapped potential of Indian agriculture.
2. Strengthening infrastructure facilities in rural areas.
3. Doubling the grain production in a period of 10 years from the year 1997 to 2007.
4. Sustainable development of agriculture, employment generation, and raising the standard of living of farmers by making rural areas self-reliant, and
5. Maintaining the environment.
This policy will help the Indian agricultural economy to face the challenges of economic liberalization and globalization. The main objective of this agricultural policy is to fulfill the domestic demand for food grains and bring India to the forefront in the export of agricultural produce.
Following are the main points of the National Agricultural Policy –
(1) Land reforms will be made more effective and land will be provided to poor farmers through land reforms.
(2) In addition to public investment in agriculture Vinesh, especially in fields such as agricultural research, human resource development, post-harvest management, and marketing, private sector investment will be encouraged.
(3) Along with agriculture, adequate emphasis will be given to the development of animal husbandry, poultry, dairy industry and water harvesting.
(4) Rural electrification will be given high priority as a major driver of agricultural development.
(5) To provide timely and adequate credit to farmers, adequate arrangements for rural and agricultural credit will be made.
(6) Livestock species and aquaculture with improved varieties of viable agricultural and horticultural crops
7 facts related to the yellow revolution
- Haryana was still now known for the Green and White Revolution, but now the Yellow Revolution is also becoming its identity. The southern region has a special contribution in making the state the Sirmour in the Yellow Revolution. Mustard production is termed as yellow revolution.
- Gurgaon, Faridabad, Mewat, Rewari, Jhajjar, and Bhiwani districts derive 70 percent of the total mustard production in the state. According to a report by the Solvent Extractors Association (SAI), India produces about 6 million tonnes of mustard per year.
- Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, and Rajasthan lead in mustard sowing in terms of area, but Haryana’s name comes at the top in production. During 2011-12, 847 thousand tonnes of mustard was grown on 511 thousand hectares.
- While Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh have recorded a decline in mustard production in the last three years, yields have steadily increased in Haryana. In view of Haryana’s increasing dominance in mustard production, the Mustard Research and Promotion Council (MPRC) has planned to open a special center in the state.
- Agricultural scientists point out that through these centers, farmers will be made aware of the usefulness of mustard. The MPRC claims that by increasing the yield of mustard by just 10 percent, 40 percent can be saved in foreign currency spent on importing oils from abroad. In such a situation, Haryana can play a major role in enhancing the yellow revolution.
- According to data from the Department of Farmer Welfare and Agricultural Development Madhya Pradesh, mustard was sown on 7,26,000 hectares of land in Madhya Pradesh in the year 2010-11. This produced 1,128 kg per hectare mustard. During 2011-12, mustard was sown on 5,11,000 hectares of land, producing 1,657 kg per hectare.
- While the mustard acreage in Madhya Pradesh has come down to 7,84,000 hectares in the 2012-13 report, Rajasthan is expected to reach 23.25 lakh hectares from 28.03 lakh hectares in the top three states. In such a situation, Haryana is seen as the head of the yellow revolution in the future.“Yellow Revolution in India Wikipedia”