Green Revolution in India
hey, folk today we will discuss the green revolution in India and its impact and how it shapes our plantation system.
green revolution in India is related to a sharp increase in productivity of plantations in India by using modern equipments and HYV seeds.
this article show about the objective of the green revolution, the importance of the green revolution in the Indian economy, and impact of the green revolution in India, later on, will dive into advantages and disadvantage of the green revolution in India.
let dive into it
there might be lots of MCQ regarding green revolution in UPSC
what is Green Revolution in India?
In the 1960s and 1970s, there was an increase in cereal-grains production in India, Pakistan, the Philippines, Mexico, and other developing countries.
and off course credit goes to the green revolution.
The term green revolution was first introduced by William Gaud and Norman Borlaug is the Father of the Green Revolution.
for time being we’ll learn India’s green revolution so without further ado let’s begin.
green revolution in India started by m.s.swaminathan.
and m.s Swaminathan is also known as the father of green revolution
green revolution in india was possible due to him
The Green Revolution in India led to an increase in agricultural production by the adoption of modern methods and technology, such as the use of high-yielding variety (HYV) seeds high-yielding variety of seeds of wheat, and rust-resistant strains of wheat., tractors, irrigation facilities, pesticides, and fertilizers.
green revolution in India launched in some northern states Punjab and Uttar Pradesh. Haryana.
but a green revolution in India is not successful in the southern state
The Green Revolution is referred to as the process of increasing agricultural production by incorporating modern tools and techniques.
Green Revolution is associated with agricultural production.
green revolution in India for wheat crops. but later on, rice is also added to the list.
these are two crops which is used in primary phase to check the result
It is the period when agriculture of the country was converted into an industrial system due to the adoption of modern methods and techniques like the use of high-yielding variety seeds, tractors, irrigation facilities, pesticides, and fertilizers.
- green revolution in india came for the first time in 1967 Until then, the government majorly concentrated on expanding the farming areas. But the rapidly increasing population than the food production called for a drastic and immediate action to increase yield which came in the form of the Green Revolution.
as we know The Green Revolution was based on years of scientific research
But when it is first used it started showing huge results in wheat production within a few years by nearly doubling the production.
but do think the story end here there are lots of ups and downs during this phase of the white revolution.
you have a question that what is the history of the green revolution in India and why this revolution comes into being?
During Independence in 1947, the majority of India’s population was dependent on Agriculture
but the agriculture sector going through lots of ups and downs such as due to lack of irrigation and other infrastructure grain productivity was very low and monsoon dependent
due to this huge problem, India faced a lot of serious famine during the British Era
as we know Bristisher only promote cash crop such as indigo and bamboo for railways for their sole benefit
green revolution in India occurred during 1967 when the government decided, the government majorly concentrated on expanding the farming areas.
in order to meet the requirement of rapidly increasing population which ultimately lead to an increase in yield in the form of Green revolution in India
green revolution in India pdf >>
the objective of the green revolution
- green revolution in India objective is to increase the productivity of crop and improve the plantation system of country
feature of the green revolution
The green revolution as a huge impact on plantations especially in the Punjab state. this is due to the introduction of HYV seed and modern techniques with proper irrigation facilities.
- in the first phase, we have seen it showing massive results in few states such as Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, and many others.
- in the 2nd phase, the HYV seeds are given to several other states. and the important thing to note in this phase is that other than wheat are also included. but cash crop like cotton, jute was not included moreover the main feature there is the introduction of technology like harvester drill has a great impact in shaping India’s commercial farming
- along with the use of HYV seed irrigation is the most important requirements most important. as we know these crops need a good amount of water. Indian farmer mostly depended on the monsoon for major water supply but after the introduction of the green revolution irrigation system of India is also improved as HYV seed need more water
- green revolution also lead to an increase in farm productivity as their lot use of fertilizers, weedicides, and pesticides ultimately lead to less damage to the crop
Impact of Green Revolution in India
apart from an increase in the production of wheat in the country, there are a lot many advantages after the introduction of the green revolution.
Employment opportunities: as we know that after the introduction of the Green revolution in India its bring lots of modern techniques such as harvester, which lead to fear among the labor that they will lose their bread and butter.
but Green revolution plays a huge role in creating a lot of new employment the reason behind this increasing spike in job is simple that are lots of industries that come into being during this phase let say for fertilizer, irrigation equipment, transportation
which lead to an increase in employment
2. less dependent on imports: we import even smallest thing from other country but really exports.
but after the introduction of the green revolution in-country. the import and export ratio come to normal as we started importing less as we become independent in the agricultural sector.
green revolution in india and its impact pdf >